It all started when a woman accidentally threw a wheat seed on the ground.
About 10,000 years ago, the fate of humanity changed dramatically with the cultivation of wheat in southeastern Turkey. Hunter-gatherer lifestyles were replaced by permanent settlements.
We cannot feed the world through conventional agriculture or keep our planet clean.
The Industrial Revolution brought modernization into primitive agricultural methods; therefore, the second phase of agriculture began. However, with the huge increase in population growth after World War II, arable land was cultivated uncontrollably to meet the growing need for food, along with the increase in the use of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. What was not a threat then is now causing big problems.
The third phase of agriculture began after greenhouse cultivation developed in the second half of the 20th century. And thus, more varied crops began to be produced in longer seasons and in smaller spaces.
By 2050, the world population is expected to reach 12 billion people, and agricultural land is projected to decline. On the one hand, conventional agriculture is trying to meet the global demand for food, but on the other hand, all those pesticides, fertilizers and nutrients harm human health and the environment. Soil, water and air are polluted along with the food we eat, posing a great threat to the growing world population.